Perscription Drug Awareness

Opiates

Generic Name Trade Name Street Names
Buprenorphine BuTrans Bupe, bute
Buprenorphone-naloxone Suboxone Subby, bupe, sobos
Codeine Typenol 2,3,4 (codeine + acetaminophen) Cody, captain cody, T1, T2. T3. T4
Fentanyl Abstral, Duragesic, Onsolis Patch, sticky, stickers
Hydrocodone Tussionex, Vicoprofen Hypdo, vike
Hydromorphone Dilaudid Juice, dillies, dust
Meperidine Demerol Demmies
Methadone Methadose, Metadol Meth, drink, done
Morphine Doloral, Statex, M.O.S. M, morph, red rockets
Oxycodone OxyNEO, Percocet, Oxycocet, Percodan Oxy, hillbilly heroin, percs
Tapentadol Nucynta  
Tramadol Ultram, Tramacet, Tridural, Durela Chill pills, ultras

 

 

Stimilants

Generic Name Trade Name Street Names
Methylphenidate Ritalin, Concerta, Biphentin Vitamin R, skippy, rids, uppers
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate Dexedrine Bennies, black beauties, hearts
Amphetamine & Dextroamphetamine Adderall Beans, dexies, amps

 

 

Tranqilizers

Drug Class Generic Name Trade Name Street Names
Benzodiazepines
Alprazolam Xanax Z-bars, bars
Clonazepam Rivotril K-pins
Diazepem Valium Vs, tranks, downers
Flurazepam Dalmane Tranks, downers, nerve pill
Lorazepam Atican Nerve pills, tranks, downers
Temazepam Restoril Rugby balls, tems, jellies
Triazolam Halcion Up Johns, tranks, downers
Non-benzodiazepine Zopiclone Imovane Z-drug
Barbiturates
Pentobarbital Nembutal Barbs, M&Ms, nembies
Amobarbital Amytal Angels, blue heavens

 

 

Inhalants

Category Examples Chemicals Other Terms
Aliphatic, Aromatic & Halogenated Hydrocarbons Hairspray, air fresheners, deodorants Fuels including cigarette lighters Paint/polish removers, paint thinners, felt-tip markers, correction fluids, glues, rubber cements Varnishes, laquers, resins, laquer thinners Dry cleaning fluids, spot removers, degreasers Computer/electronics cleaning sprays Vegetable oil cooking spray Medical anesthetics Butane, propane, fluorocarbons Gasoline, propane, benzene, butane Trichloroethane, trichloroethylene Toluene, hexane, acetone, methylene chloride, ethyl acetone Benzene xylene Trichloroethane, tetrochloroethylene, xylene Dimethyl ether, hydrofluorocarbons, hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons Diethyl ether, halothane, enflurone, ethyl chloride Medusa, moon gas, poor man’s pot, air blast, discorama, hippie crack, chroming, gladding, whiteout
Nitrous oxide Whipping cream aerosols, ballon tanks, anethetics Nitrous oxide Laughing gas, shoot the breeze, whippets, buzz bomb
Volatile Alkyl Nitrities Angina medications, “room odourizers”, videocassette recorder head cleaners, synthesized products Amyl nitrites, butyl nitrites, cyclohexyl nitrite, isopropyl nitrite, other nitrites Medusa, moon gas, pearls, boppers, snappers, poppers, amys, bolt, quicksilver, rush, climax, aroma of men, hardware, locker room, thrust

 

 Perscription drugs are becoming very popular with the youth in the First Nations and Aboriginal communities. This section of the HON website is to give information on the different types of perscription drugs that are being useby the youth. This section will share info about  signs of symptoms and harmful side effects. Please click the links below for more information on each topic.

 

Inhalants

 

Immediate effects:

  • Stimulation
  • Disinhibition
  • Euphoria
  • Hallucinations
  • General depression
  • Slurred speech
  • Disturbed gait
  • Dizziness
  • Disorientation
  • Drowsiness or sleep within seconds to minutes
  • Warmth & flushing

 

Long term effects:

  • Neurological and neuropsychological effects
  • Brain dysfunction
  • Motor, conative and sensory defects
  • Irritability
  • Tremors
  • Ataxia
  • Nystagmus
  • Slurred speech
  • Decreased visual acuity
  • Deafness
  • Cardiomyopathy with distinct electrocardiographic changes
  • Dyspnea
  • Emphysema-like abnormalities
  • Other pulmonary debilities
  • Distal renal tubular acidosis
  • Hepatitis

 

  • Hydrocarbons can results in bone marrow toxicity causing aplastic anemia and leukemia
  • Volatile Nitrites have been implicated in immune impermanent and replication of HIV and Kaposi’s sarcoma
  • Women who are exposed to solvents have more menstrual disorders and preeclampsia
  •  
  • Fetal Solvent Syndrome can cause microcephaly and cognitive impairments. Signs can include a high-pitched cry and disturbed sleep and feeding

 

Opiates

 

Short term effects:

  • Increased alertness, energy and attention in low doses
  • Increases levels of dopamine in the brain
  • Narrow blood vessels in the body causing a decrease in blood flow and oxygen to the heart
  • Increase in blood pressure and heart rate
  • Increase body temperature and breathing rate
  • Decrease the ability to sleep and the desire to eat
  • Same classification as cocaine and methamphetamine
  • Sweating
  • Dilated pupils
  • Restlessness
  • Aggressive behaviour
  • Dizziness
  • Tremors
  • Increase ability to concentrate,
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations

 

Long term effects

  • Lead to feelings of hostility and paranoia
  • Serious cardiovascular complication including heart attack, stroke and lethal seizures
  • Alter personal judgement and decision making ability which can increase the likelihood of engaging in risky behaviours such as drug-impaired driving and un-safe sex
  • Withdrawal symptoms include fatigue, depression and disturbed sleep patterns

 

Legal Status

If a person is found with prescription drugs either not prescribed to that person or is found to be “double doctoring” (not informing a prescribing practitioner about other prescriptions received in the past 30 days) it can result in imprisonment of up to 3 years. Trafficking, importing, exporting or producing stimulants can result n 10 years imprisonment.

 

Stimulant Use 2011 Stats

  • General population (age 15+) 0.9%
  • Youth (age 15-24) 2.4%
  • Adults (age 25+) 0.6%
  • In 2010-11, 2.2% of Canadian students have reported using stimulants in the past year for non-medical purposes
  • In 2007, 8.5% of grades 7,9,10 & 12 Atlantic Canada students reported non-medical stimulant use
  • Increase activity of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) which decreases brain activity
  • Low doses can relieve mild to moderate anxiety and have calming effect
  • Higher doses can relieve insomnia and severe states of emotional distress
  • Drowsiness
  • Impaired coordination
  • Dilated pupils
  • Slurred speech
  • Irregular breathing
  • Decreased heart rate & blood pressure
  • Loss of inhibition
  • Impaired judgement, learning & memory
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Amnesia
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Agitation
  • Hallucinations

 

Tranquilizers & Sedatives

 

Prescription sedatives and tranquilizers are usually taken in pill form; however some are available as suppositories or prepared as a solution for injection.

 

Short Term Effects:

  • Low doses can relieve mild to moderate anxiety and have calming effect
  • Higher doses can relieve insomnia and severe states of emotional distress
  • Increase activity of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) which decreases brain activity
  • Drowsiness
  • Impaired coordination
  • Dilated pupils
  • Slurred speech
  • Irregular breathing
  • Decreased heart rate & blood pressure
  • Loss of inhibition
  • Impaired judgement, learning & memory
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Amnesia
  • Depression
  • Dizziness
  • Agitation
  • Hallucinations

 

Long-term Effects:

  • Chronic fatigue
  • Vision problems
  • Mood swings
  • Aggressive behaviours
  • Slowed reflexes
  • Breathing problems
  • Death due to respiratory depression
  • Liver damage
  • Sleep problems
  • Sexual dysfunction>


Legal Status

Use of tranquilizers and sedatives are legal when prescribed by a specific licenced practitioners and are used by the person for whom they are prescribed. Possession of sedatives and tranquilizers is not in and of itself illegal. However, “double doctoring” (obtaining prescriptions from more than one practitioner without tell the prescribing practitioner about prescriptions received in the past 30 days) can result in 18 months imprisonment. Trafficking, importing exporting or the production of sedatives and tranquilizers can result in 3 years imprisonment.

 

Sedatives and Tranquilizer Use 2011 Stats

  • General Population (age 15+) 9.1%
  • Youth (age 15-24) 4%
  • Adults (age 25+) 10.1%
  • Seniors (age 65+) 14.4%
  • Same classification as cocaine and methamphetamine
  • Increased alertness, energy and attention in low doses
  • Increases levels of dopamine in the brain
  • Narrow blood vessels in the body causing a decrease in blood flow and oxygen to the heart
  • Increase in blood pressure and heart rate
  • Increase body temperature and breathing rate
  • Decrease the ability to sleep and the desire to eat
  • Sweating
  • Dilated pupils
  • Restlessness
  • Aggressive behaviour
  • Dizziness
  • Tremors
  • Increase ability to concentrate,
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • 12% of females have used Sedatives and tranquilizers compared to 5.9% of males
  • From 2008-2010 First Nations ages 18+ living on-reserve across Canada, 5.7% reported past-year use of sedative or sleeping pills

 

Stimulants

 

Short term effects:

  • Same classification as cocaine and methamphetamine
  • Increased alertness, energy and attention in low doses
  • Increases levels of dopamine in the brain
  • Narrow blood vessels in the body causing a decrease in blood flow and oxygen to the heart
  • Increase in blood pressure and heart rate
  • Increase body temperature and breathing rate
  • Decrease the ability to sleep and the desire to eat
  • Sweating
  • Dilated pupils
  • Restlessness
  • Aggressive behaviour
  • Dizziness
  • Tremors
  • Increase ability to concentrate,
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations

 

 


Long term effects

  • Lead to feelings of hostility and paranoia
  • Serious cardiovascular complication including heart attack, stroke and lethal seizures
  • Alter personal judgement and decision making ability which can increase the likelihood of engaging in risky behaviours such as drug-impaired driving and un-safe sex
  • Withdrawal symptoms include fatigue, depression and disturbed sleep patterns

 

Legal Status

If a person is found with prescription drugs either not prescribed to that person or is found to be “double doctoring” (not informing a prescribing practitioner about other prescriptions received in the past 30 days) it can result in imprisonment of up to 3 years. Trafficking, importing, exporting or producing stimulants can result n 10 years imprisonment.

 

Stimulant Use 2011 Stats

  • General population (age 15+) 0.9%
  • Youth (age 15-24) 2.4%
  • Adults (age 25+) 0.6%
  • In 2010-11, 2.2% of Canadian students have reported using stimulants in the past year for non-medical purposes